Argentina has an area of almost 3.8 million square kilometres. Approximately 54% are plains (grasslands and savannahs), 23%, plateaus, and the other 23%, mountains - and the remainder in the Antarctic. It is 3,800 Km long and its border with Uruguay, Brazil, Paraguay, Bolivia and Chile has a perimeter of 9,376 Km, while the territory bordered by the Atlantic Ocean is 4,725 Km long. The name Argentina comes from the Latin term “argentum”, which means silver.
Argentina’s main characteristic is the enormous contrast between the immense eastern plains and the impressive Andes mountain range to the west. This boasts the highest peak in the Western hemisphere: the 6,959 m high Aconcagua.
From Jujuy to Tierra del Fuego, the Andes present marvellous contrasts: the Northwest plateaus, the lake region, the forests and glaciers in the Patagonia. To the north, Chaco is a forested area linked to rivers Bermejo, Salado and Pilcomayo.
Between the Paraná and Uruguay rivers, the Argentine Mesopotamia (provinces of Entre Ríos, Corrientes and Misiones) is formed by low hills, where pools and marshlands evidence the ancient courses of these great rivers. In some places within the subtropical rain forest, there are fissures which provide such spectacular phenomena as the Iguazú Falls.
The Pampas, in the centre of Argentina, is the largest and best-known area of plains. Agricultural and livestock activities are performed in this area, which includes the province of Buenos Aires, the northeast of La Pampa, the south of Córdoba and south of Santa Fe. To the south, the plains give way to small hills in Tandil and de la Ventana, and to the west, to the Córdoba hills.
Towards the south, from the Andes to the sea, there appear the sterile and stony plateaus of Patagonia, swept by the wind during most of the year. The Atlantic coast, lined with high cliffs, forms massive indentations like the Peninsula Valdés, with its spectacular and unique colonies of sea animals. The Perito Moreno Glacier is a must-see in Argentina. Together with twelve other glaciers it is part of one of the largest sliding masses of ice and snow in Los Glaciares National Park. This glacier, having a front wall of 5 Km long, is 60 m high above Lake Argentino and it is in the middle of its way forward. At any time during the year, chunks of ice can constantly be seen collapse and shatter into multiple floes.
The country’s territory offers a wide variety of climates: subtropical in the North, sub-Antarctic in the southern Patagonia, and mild and humid in the Pampas plains. The average temperature from November to March is 23°C, and 12°C from June to September.
Argentina's wide variety of ecosystems is reflected in the great number of activities that can be enjoyed throughout the country. Trekking, mountain-biking, mountaineering, white-water rafting, canoeing, hydro-speeding, rides in 4WD vehicles, hang-gliding, paragliding, cart-sailing, and windsurfing, are some of the most popular recreational and sport activities that can be practised, and which are constantly renewed and adapted to suit visitors' preferences.
The wine route offers a trip around different geographies and wonderful landscapes. A full range of resources, including a variety of not only vines and wineries, but also climates, heights, peoples and cultures, are blended together at every region to produce the most diverse wines, which are in all cases in tune with the personality of their places of origin. All these resources turn this route into an adventure full of flavours and sensations, open to all tastes and preferences, and particularly enticing to lovers of good wines.
In short, tourism in Argentina is a unique, singular experience within everyone’s reach. You are invited to live and enjoy it to the fullest.